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Competitive exams for law graduates

In India, only 4.5% (2013) of the total employment is in the public sector as against 23.5% in the UK (2013) and 14.6% (2008) in the US. 

Despite the small share of jobs in the public sector, millions of students in India give competitive government exams every year although only less than 1% qualify for the government job. 

Even though private jobs provide you better monetary incentives, faster growth options, flexibility to switch in the same sector, option to be creative etc; government jobs host a myriad of other benefits which eventually weigh higher for someone inclined for a life of a public servant. Reasons why public sector jobs are attractive because:

Power and respect

You can’t run a business, drive a car or buy a house without the involvement of the government in it. 

Since such vital things in your life are dependent on government officers, the government officers tend to yield high power and respect in any job of the government  

Job security 

Private sector jobs are subject to the growth of the company, competition and economy of the country which leads to cost cutting and layoffs.

Tasks done by government employees are irreplaceable.

Employees will always be needed to complete the tasks only the government does, and additional employees will always be needed to support them.

Work and life balance 

There are standard working hours in government job and you rarely get work at home which helps you maintain a work and life balance.

Government jobs also have more holidays than private offices. In India, government offices declare holidays for almost all festivals but private offices do it in a very restricted manner. 

Benefits & perks 

Government jobs offer various incentives and allowances along with salary; many provide residence, transportation cost, medical facilities, latest gadgets, house and office help amongst many other innumerable benefits.

So even though the salary in some government jobs may not match the salary in private sector, the perks and benefits can never be matched by private sector job.

Work stress

The majority of the government sector jobs are not as stressful when compared to the jobs in the private sector. 

If the workload in government jobs is high and the officer has to work extra then they are paid over time for the same.

Retirement benefits 

  • Public sector jobs assure you that you have pension after you retire.
  • Even the family is entitled to some retirement of benefits after the death of the officer.
  • You and your family also get medical benefits after retirement.

Struggle of choosing a government job or a private sector job is tougher for law students because while deciding a career close to their studies, law subject dominates maximum of non-technical government jobs in the country. 

Being trained in formation, interpretation and execution of law, lawyers have better advantage of fulfilling the roles and responsibilities of a government officer as compared to someone who is trained at it after getting selected for the job. 

Apart from the general government jobs such as IAS/IPS, several PSUs and statutory bodies also require in-house lawyers mostly known as legal officers. 

Since it’s a government job which is subject to fairness and justice, most of the jobs are available only through a transparent examination and interview process often known as competitive exams. 

The examinations are relatively tough and you need to invest adequate time to prepare for these exams in order to increase your chances of getting selected for these roles. 

Here is a list of competitive examinations for law graduates with details to help you make an informed decision: 

Judicial Service Examination

Judges enjoy unmatched honour in our society.

Profession of a judge is rewarding in several ways apart from bringing peace to the society.

It provides you with challenging tasks before you, a comfortable government job and top authority in the society. 

But what examination do you have to clear to become a Judge?

There are two ways to become a Judge through exams: 

Judiciary examination for Civil Judge- Junior Division

  • Each state conducts its own examination for the position of Civil Judge- Junior Division.
  • Generally the examination pattern follows three stages – preliminary exam, main exam and interview.
  • The candidate has to qualify with minimum marks to reach to the next stage.
  • You need to be a citizen of India and a law graduate to qualify for this exam. 
  • Age criteria again differs from state to state however ranges from 21-35.
  • You may give this examination right after college or after practicing for three years as an advocate in the court.
  • Syllabus may vary from state to state since local laws are included in some exams.
  • Also local candidates have an advantage over the others since knowledge of local language is important for this exam.

Judiciary examination for District Judge

  • 25% of District Judges are selected through a direct recruitment that is done through an examination.
  • This examination is also conducted by the state.
  • The lawyer must have practiced as an advocate for a period of seven years and must have attained the age of 35 to be eligible.
  • This examination also contains three stages: prelims, main and interview. 

A normal career trajectory of a Judge looks like this:

The government and the judiciary has been trying hard to get the best talent in the judiciary and thus introducing good perks and increasing salaries. 

The Second National Judicial Commission which was introduced in Feb 2020 proposed to increase the salary of the judges by three times.

Along with that, numerous perks were enhanced in addition to what the Judges were entitled to such as – security, conveyance allowance, personal assistance/ peons/ home guard, telephone allowance and gadgets, medical allowance and reimbursement, children education allowance, higher education allowance, newspaper and magazine allowance, dearness allowance, robe allowance amongst many others. 

Although the judiciary is the most preferred career option for the lawyer it is also very difficult to crack it.  More than 99.5% of law students fail to crack the exam

Most people make 2-3 attempts and then give up. There are people who keep trying for even 5-8 years after graduation and still do not make it.

Why is it so difficult to crack this exam?

A lot of people prepare for the judiciary exam like they prepared for their board exam. Some think it’s like other competitive exams they have taken like the CLAT or SET. 

Successful preparation for the judiciary exam is a long haul with a massive syllabus. Motivation wears off and it is easy to fall off the bandwagon.

If you can stay on course for doggedly without getting distracted your success is almost inevitable, because so few people ever manage to do it. 

With the right plan and enough resources anyone can clear the judiciary exams and become a judge

After interviewing hundreds of judges, those who recently cracked judiciary exams, and those who didn’t clear after many attempts, and two years of intense research by an expert team, LawSikho has introduced a foolproof judiciary preparation course. 

The course has 24/7 online access, practical exercises, live doubt clearing and plenty of time to revise and  write papers for practice. 

If you are preparing for judiciary or are a judiciary aspirant then you must not miss the Judiciary Test Preparation course. You can find the details here:

https://lawsikho.com/course/lord-of-the-courses-judiciary-test-prep

RBI Legal Officer (Grade ‘B’)

The RBI Grade B Officers usually start out as Managers and then they can move up all the way until Deputy Governor. 

The Governor is usually not selected from the internal workforce and only an eminent individual is preferred who has had extraordinary achievements.

The career trajectory of a RBI Grade B officer looks like this:

Job responsibility of a Legal Officer (Grade ‘B’) Officer entails: 

  • Dealing with references on legal issues received from various departments of the Bank and its associate institutions, which are mainly related to the interpretation of various statutes such as Reserve Bank of India Act 1934, Banking Regulation Act 1949, Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999, Companies Act 2013, etc. 
  • Preparing initial drafts of legislation administered/to be administered by the Bank. 
  • Preparation of drafts of pleadings and comprehensive instructions/briefs to counsel in connection with litigation involving the Bank and its associate institutions.
  • Appearing before Conciliation Officers, Labour Courts, Tribunals etc. on behalf of the Bank.

You must be a lawyer and a citizen of India, Nepal, Bhutan or a tibetian refugee who holds a certificate of eligibility from the government of India.

Age criteria is 21-32 and some relaxation for LL.M. and PhD candidates.

Selection is through Online and Offline Examinations and Interviews. Examination consists of objective and descriptive type questions.

At present, initial monthly gross emoluments for a Grade ‘B’ Officer is ₹83,202/- (approx) which includes Dearness Allowance, Local Compensatory Allowance, House Rent Allowance, Special Allowance and Grade Allowance as per rules. 

You can find the details of the  syllabus for the latest notification (2021) here. 

SEBI Grade A Legal officer

If you like corporate law but are also attracted by government jobs then the SEBI Legal Officer will be perfect for you. 

SEBI has total 7 grades starting from Grade A reaching upto Grade F i.e. Assistant Manager to Chief General Manager.

It may take anywhere between 15-25 years depending upon vacancy and your promotion to reach Grade F. 

After Grade ‘F’ / Chief General Manager you are eligible to become Executive Director (ED) too. 

ED is the last post for internal employees. 2/3rd of the ED vacancies are reserved for internal employees. 

SEBI Legal Officer is responsible for:

  • approval of the stock exchange’s bylaws; 
  • the amendment to these bylaws; 
  • inspection of accounts of various stock exchanges; 
  • identify and inspect various malpractices in the securities markets; 
  • taking steps to increase awareness about the securities markets in the investor community; 
  • granting and withdrawing recognition of stock exchanges. 

Only Indian citizens upto the age of 30 are eligible for the position of SEBI Grade A Legal officer (relaxed for reserved and PwD category).

Mode of selection is a three stage process i.e.:

  • Phase I (on-line screening examination consisting of two papers of 100 marks each), 
  • Phase II (on-line examination consisting of two papers of 100 marks each),
  • Phase III (Interview).

Presently (in 2020), the gross emolument including SEBI’s Contribution towards National Pension Scheme (NPS), Grade Allowance, Special Allowance, Dearness Allowance, Family Allowance, Local Allowance etc. at Mumbai at the minimum of this scale is approx. Rs. 1,07,000/- p.m. without accommodation and Rs. 73,000/- p.m. with accommodation to a Grade A officer.

You can find the details of the law syllabus from the latest notification (2020) here

LawSikho has designed a course to crack the SEBI Grade-A Legal Officer course keeping in mind the daily chores and activities for the working professionals Within this course, LawSikho provides not only doubt clearing sessions but also live classes that are conducted over the weekend so that you don’t miss them out during your busy schedule.  

For more details on the SEBI Grade A Course, look here:

https://lawsikho.com/course/sebi-grade-a-legal-officers-test-prep-crash-course

Judge Advocate General (JAG)

JAG Officers handle all the legal matters for the armed forces. 

In addition to the pride and satisfaction of supporting our armed forces, there are many upsides to joining the JAG such as job security, discipline, training in martial laws amongst others.  

Also flaunting salutes and uniforms add a sense of pride, respect and honour in a person.

Army

A Judge Advocate General of the Indian army advises the military personnel on their day to day legal matters including the Chief of the Army Staff.

Promotion criteria and pay (2020) for JAG in Indian army looks like this:

Apart from the above, the Officers are also entitled to other allowances such as dearness allowance, high altitude allowance, uniform allowance, siachen allowance, ration in kind, transport allowance, children education allowance amongst others.   

Only unmarried male/female law graduates between the age of 21-27 years are eligible. 

Shortlisted candidates undergo two-stage process by Services Selection Board (SSB):

Those who clear Stage I proceed to Stage II. Total duration of this process is 5 days. 

Candidates recommended by SSB and medically fit will be issued a joining letter after declaration of merit list. 

Details of the JAG notification which includes eligibility, pay and other information for 2020 can be found here.

Navy

In the navy, the primary role of a JAG officer is to deliver independent, operationally-focused, solution-oriented legal advice and services across the full spectrum of naval law towards supporting naval operations and a sound naval administration. 

Only unmarried candidates between 22-27 years of age having a degree in law qualifying for enrolment as an advocate under Advocates Act 1961, with minimum 55% marks is eligible for the post.

Selection procedure: 

  • The Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Navy) reserves the right to shortlist applications and to fix cut off percentages based on percentage scored in degree for education qualification. Approximately 200 candidates were decided to be shortlisted for SSB in 2021.
  • The total duration of SSB interview is five days consisting of Stage I (day one) and stage II (Four days). 
  • Stage I Tests consist of Intelligence tests, Picture Perception and Group Discussion tests. Candidates who fail to qualify in Stage I will be sent back on the same day from SSB Centre.
  • Stage II tests consist of Psychological tests, Group Task tests and Interviews. Successful candidates will undergo medical examination (approx. 03-05 days). 
  • Candidates recommended by the SSB and declared medically fit will be appointed for training as per All India Merit depending on the number of vacancies.

Selected candidates are inducted as Sub-Lieutenant

Apart from this they are entitled to insurance, travel and many other allowances which are mentioned on the official website under “Join Navy”.

You may also get details about the eligibility, requirements and selection procedure under the official recruitment notification of 2021. 

Indian Air Force doesn’t have a direct entry for JAG Officers. Officers from administrative, logistics, education and accounts branches who have a law degree can apply for JAG after 3 years of service.

Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS)

Law Officer (Scale I)/ Specialist Officers(SO)

Banking jobs have always been a lucrative option for lakhs of aspirants in the country because they are secure, prestigious and high-paying.

IBPS is an institution which recruits for 17 central and state banks of India in different positions like, clerk, Probationary Officers and Specialist Officers (SO).

A Common Recruitment Process (CRP) is conducted  for the selection of personnel in Specialist Officers’ cadre posts which includes Law Officer (Scale I) for the Participating Organisations. 

Participation Organisations includes public sector banks such as  (2021-22): 

Role and responsibilities of a Law Officer includes:

  • Handle all the legal affairs of the bank.
  • Represent the bank in case of a suit filed.
  • Monitor errors and authenticity of the banking system.

A candidate must have a Bachelor Degree in Law (LLB) and enrolled as an advocate with Bar Council and be minimum 20 and maximum 30 to be eligible for this examination.

The structure of the examination is as follows:

  • Preliminary exam
  • Only three subjects are covered in preliminary exam – english language, reasoning and general awareness with special reference to banking industry
  • Candidates have to qualify in each of the three tests by securing minimum cut-off marks to be decided by IBPS. Adequate number of candidates in each category as decided by IBPS depending upon requirements will be shortlisted for Online Main Examination.
  • Main examination.
  • Professional knowledge is tested in this examination for 60 questions for 60 marks in 45 minutes.
  • Penalty for Wrong Answers (Applicable to both – Online Preliminary and Online Main examinations).
  • Each candidate will be required to obtain a minimum score in the test of Online Main examination and also secure sufficiently high scores to be considered to be shortlisted for interview. Depending on the number of vacancies available, cut-offs will be decided and candidates will be shortlisted for interview. 
  • Interview
  • Marks obtained in the online main examination only will be considered for shortlisting for interview and also for final merit listing.
  • The total marks allotted for Interview are 100. The minimum qualifying marks in interview will not be less than 40% (35% for SC/ST/OBC/PWD candidates).
  • A candidate should qualify both in the Online Main Examination and interview and be sufficiently high in the merit to be shortlisted for subsequent provisional allotment process.

Career trajectory, pay scale and allowances of a IBPS SO looks like this:

Law Clerk Cum Research Assistant in the Supreme Court

Working in the Supreme Court of India can be an enriching experience  since it provides you a multi-dimensional approach while working on a wide array of matters across different fields and areas of law.

Duty of a Law Clerk Cum Research Assistant is:

  • preparing brief summary of fresh admission matter; 
  • synopsis of regular hearing matters; 
  • sitting in the Court during hearing of regular matters and noting down all the arguments; 
  • carrying out research work for assisting the Hon’ble Judge in preparation of draft judgments; 
  • assist the Hon’ble Judge to prepare speeches and academic papers; 
  • to perform any other work as directed by the Hon’ble Judge. 

Candidates who are law graduates and  between 18-27 years of age are eligible to apply.

Method of selection:

  • Selection is made on the basis of Written Test and Interview. 
  • On the basis of the marks secured by the candidates in the Written Test, merit list is drawn and candidates are short-listed. 
  • Short-listed candidates are three times of actual requirement, in the order of merit who are called for an Interview. 
  • A final select list is  prepared as per requirement on the basis of Written Test and Interview.

A fixed consolidated stipend of Rs.30000/- per month without any dearness or other allowance/perquisites is paid to the Law Clerk, subjected to a leave of absence to a maximum of fraction of 8 days per year, vis-a-vis his/her period of assignment.

LawSikho has come up with a course to crack the Supreme Court Clerkship exam to not only make you ace the stage of written test, but also the interview stage. The Course exhaustively covers all the subjects in the written test with a plethora of Supreme Court judgments through recorded lectures by experts on various topics and an exhaustive question bank in the form of multiple choice questions, along with doubt clearing support as and when required. 

You can check out the details of the Law Clerk Cum Research Assistant: Supreme Court of India – Booster Course here :

https://lawsikho.com/course/law-clerk-cum-research-assistant-supreme-court-of-india-booster-course

Public Prosecutor 

If you like criminal litigation and have always dreamed yourself to prosecute the wrongdoers of the state then the career of a public prosecutor is suited for you.

A Public Prosecutor may be appointed either by the Central Government or the State Government to represent cases on behalf of the State in criminal trials.

Duties of Public Prosecutor:

  • Instituting, undertaking, or carrying on criminal proceedings in any case against the Government and for the Government.
  • Conducting the prosecution of cases in the courts, 
  • Attend matters arising of or pertaining to court cases/references and to give legal advice in respect of cases investigated by the Branch
  • Attend to other works as prescribed by the Department from time to time.

Types of prosecutors:

Assistant Public Prosecutor

  • UPSC undertakes recruitment for the APP.
  • Maximum 30 year old, a degree in Law and three years of experience at the bar is required to be eligible for the same.
  • Recruitment process may either include direct interview of the shortlisted candidates or a Recruitment Test (RT) followed by the interview.
  • Total emoluments excluding T.A. & HRA at the time of initial appointment will be Rs. 44,900/- plus DA as applicable per month approximately.
  • Details of the position on the official website is here.
  • Details of the latest vacancy is here.
  • You may also apply to become a Assistant Public Prosecutor at Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Additional prosecutor / Public prosecutor

  • A person shall be eligible to be appointed as a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor in a High court, only if he has a degree in law, has been in practice as an advocate for not less than seven years and after due consultation with the High Court.
  • Must not be less than 35 years of age and not more than 45 years of age at the time of application for the post.
  • Exam is conducted by UPSC for the post of the public prosecutor followed by an interview for the shortlisted candidates.  
  • You may also apply to become a Public Prosecutor at Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

Special prosecutor

  • A special prosecutor generally is a lawyer appointed by the government to represent the government in a court for a particular case. The additional skills of the lawyer in the particular segment can be a motivating factor for the government to appoint a special prosecutor.
  • This is not hired through an examination but directly by the High Court.

Chief prosecutor

  • A Chief Prosecutor supervises the functions exercised by Assistant Public Prosecutor in Metropolitan Magistrate Court.
  • You can become one through promotion.

Director of prosecution

  •  He is the head office. They exercise the overall control and supervision of officers of Directorate. They also look after the Account Branches.
  • This position is also through promotion. 

Recruitment through CLAT exam

Some PSUs consider the CLAT exam as part of the selection process. 

They may either consider the passing marks as determined by the CLAT authority  or have their own qualifying marks of CLAT. 

ONGC

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) is India’s flagship energy company engaged in Exploration and Production of Oil and Gas in India and abroad. A global player in energy, it contributes about 65% of India’s domestic Oil and Gas production. Currently, ONGC through its subsidiary ONGC Videsh is India’s largest Transnational Corporate with overseas investment of over 10 billion USD in 21 countries.

Candidate who is not more than 30 year old and possesses a Graduate Degree in Law with minimum 60% marks. Practicing advocate with 3 years experience would be preferred. 

Score from CLAT- PG examination is valid for this recruitment exercise. Scores from previous CLAT examinations are not valid.

Candidates are shortlisted for the interview based on the minimum qualifying marks determined by ONGC. 

Final selection will be on the basis of the combined score of the qualification, CLAT marks and interview. 

Candidates have to qualify at each stage/criteria for final selection. If total marks are identical then order of merit will be fixed on the basis of Weightage of CLAT Score and if CLAT Score are identical then the one older in age is considered senior for release for appointment.

The pay scale is in the grade of Rs. 60,000- 1,80,000/- with an increment of 3% per year. Besides Basic Pay, the employee is entitled to allowance @ 35% of Basic Pay under Cafeteria Approach, Dearness Allowance, HRA/Company Accommodation, Contributory Provident Fund, Conveyance Maintenance, Substantial Performance Related Pay (PRP), Medical Facility for self and dependents, Gratuity, Post Retirement Benefit Scheme and Composite Social Security Scheme as per Company rules.

Details of the notification can be found here

Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)

IOCL  is an Indian public sector oil and gas company which is the largest commercial oil company in India. 

IOCL regularly recruits Law Officers (Grade ‘A’) and Assistant Law Manager (Grade ‘B’) through direct recruitment.

For recruitment of the above mentioned posts, IndianOil uses Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) for Post Graduate Programme scores for shortlisting of candidates. The selection process further comprises Group Discussion/Group Task (GD/GT) and Personal Interview (PI). Previous year CLAT scores are not valid. 

Law Officers (Grade ‘A’) 

Candidates who are maximum 30 years old, have a law degree with minimum 60% marks and 2 years of professional experience are eligible to apply.

The gross valuation of remuneration to the company is approximately Rs 17.00 lakhs per annum inclusive of performance related pay (PRP). The actual remuneration may vary depending on place of posting, financial performance of the Corporation and also performance rating of individuals 

Assistant Law Manager (Law Officers in Grade “B”)

Eligibility for Grade B position is that the candidate must be maximum 33 years old, must have graduated law with minimum 60% marks, and has 5 years of professional experience. 

The gross valuation of remuneration to the company is approximately Rs 21.00 lakhs per annum inclusive of performance related pay (PRP). The actual remuneration may vary depending on place of posting, financial performance of the Corporation and also performance rating of the individual. 

You may find the latest official notification of IOCL here

FAQs about the recruitment here 

NHPC Limited

NHPC Limited is an Indian Hydropower generation company 

A candidate who is a law graduate with minimum 60% marks and maximum 30 years old is eligible for the position of Trainee Officer (Law) at NHPC Ltd. 

Candidates obtaining the minimum qualifying marks in CLAT (Post- Graduation Course) are eligible for the next stage of selection. 

In the absence of any Qualifying Marks set by CLAT, the following is treated as the Minimum Qualifying Marks in CLAT for consideration of candidates for next stages of selection process in NHPC:

Unreserved Vacancy- 40% Marks

Reserved Vacancy- 30% Marks

Gross monthly salary for the Law Officer (E2 grade) at NHPC limited is ₹81000 (including allowances) along with Performance Related Pay which comes upto 2 lacs yearly.

BHEL

BHEL is India’s engineering and manufacturing enterprise which provides products and services and caters to core sectors of the Indian Economy viz, Power Generation and Transmission, Industry, Transportation, Renewable Energy, Defence, Aerospace, Oil & Gas with over 180 product offerings to meet the needs of these sectors. 

BHEL recruits qualified Law Officers (Indian National only) to join various Units/Offices at Bangalore, Bhopal, Haridwar, Ranipet, Jhansi, Delhi/NCR and for BHEL’s Power Sector – Regions at, Kolkata, Chennai and Nagpur

Indian national upto the age of 30 years , possessing a law degree and having a post qualification experience of 1 year are eligible for this post

Candidates are shortlisted for the interview based on marks scored in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) – (PG Programme Exam). Candidates chosen for interview are in the ratio of 1:10 to the number of vacancies in each category.

The selected candidate is initially entitled to Rs. 67952 which includes Industrial and Dearness Allowance and Perks and Allowances. Along with the figure mentioned above the Law Officers are also entitled to Leave, Medical facilities for self and dependent family members, Provident Fund, Leave Encashment, Gratuity, Uniform, Subsidized Canteen Facilities, Company assisted accommodation or HRA etc.

Details of the recruitment can be found here.

The Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) 

POWERGRID, the Central Transmission Utility (CTU) of India, is one of the largest Transmission Utilities in the World and is engaged in power transmission business with the mandate for planning, coordination, supervision and control over complete inter-State transmission system.

PGCIL regularly recruits fresh law graduates for the position of Executive Trainee (Law).

Candidates upto the age of 28 and a law degree  where they have scored not less than 60% are eligible to apply. 

No post qualification is required for this post.

The selection process includes shortlisting of candidates who have scored minimum qualifying marks set by CLAT(for PG) followed by Behavioral Assessment, Group Discussion and Personal Interview of the qualified candidates who are shortlisted category wise for the GD and interview. 

For calculation of final score of a candidate for empanelment, the weightages assigned to CLAT marks, Group Discussion and Interview shall be as indicated below:

Selected candidates are offered a pay package of Rs. 9 lakhs during the one year training period and subsequently increased to Rs. 15 lakhs 

In order to understand the recruitment in detail refer to the notification here.

Other PSU Exams

EXIM Bank 

If you are a lawyer who likes banking and financing as a subject then EXIM Bank has started inviting fresh law graduates who have the potential to earn ₹17 lakh per annum barely two years after joining the job.  

Exim Bank acts as a purveyor of export credit, mirroring global Export Credit Agencies. 

Exim Bank also extends Lines of Credit (LOCs) to overseas financial institutions, regional development banks, sovereign governments and other entities overseas, to enable buyers in those countries to import developmental and infrastructure projects, equipment, goods and services from India, on deferred credit terms.

A candidate must be maximum 25 years old and has completed/passed their law graduation with minimum 60% aggregate marks.

Management Trainees are absorbed in Grade/Scale Junior Management (JM) as Deputy Manager, after successful completion of traineeship upto two years in the Bank.

The Selection Process comprises Written Test and Personal Interview. 

Link to the latest notification here for eligibility, requirements and selection process here.

General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC)

The insurance industry in India has been growing dynamically, with total insurance premiums increasing rapidly, as compared to global counterparts which makes the insurance industry very interesting and promising for lawyers wanting to work in the insurance sector. 

GIC was formed for the purpose of superintending, controlling and carrying on the business of general insurance.

GIC offers you a career in metro cities.

Candidates who are between the age 21-30 years and hold a Bachelor’s Degree in Law with a minimum of 60% marks may apply for the position of Assistant Manager – Legal (Scale-I) which are generally posted in the head office in Mumbai. 

The selection for the above post is done on the basis of shortlisting of the candidates based on Online Test, and performance in Group Discussion and interview and medical examination. The total marks for Written Test, Group Discussion and Interview is 200.

The online test consists of 150 marks with three parts. The Part B and Part C examination is common for the candidates of all the streams whereas Part A consists of Technical & Professional Knowledge Test in law which is of 40 marks.  For each wrong answer ¼ of the marks assigned to the question will be deducted from those obtained. Total test timing 150 minutes. 30 minutes for PART A- Objective, 60 minutes for Part B objective and 60 minutes for Part C (descriptive).

Selected candidates if medically found fit, will be appointed as Assistant Manager on probation for a period of one year. During the probation period, the Officers would be required to pass the non-life “Licentiate Examination” conducted by Insurance Institute of India. Only after passing the said examination, the officer will be eligible for confirmation of his services in the Corporation. Failure to pass the said Examination within the extended probation period will render the officer liable to be terminated from service on expiry of the period so specified.

The total emoluments will be about Rs. 65,000/-p.m. plus other benefits which are New Pension.

Scheme and Newspaper/Internet Allowance, Leave Travel Subsidy, Medical Benefits, House Furnishing Allowance, Household Help Allowance, Sodexo, Personal Accident cover, housing, vehicle and computer loans with subsidized interests, and interest free advances for festival, natural calamities and any other benefits as per rules and on confirmation of service in the Corporation. 

Details of the latest notification can be found here.

UPSC

Clearing the UPSC examination entitles you to a position in civil service which is dominated by public policy. Law is a major aspect of public policy. A law graduate can handle framing and implementation of public policy in much more efficient fashion for the lawyer knows the exact manner in which the legitimacy of the law is to be exploited in order to make public policy an effective instrument of maintaining public order and regulating population behaviour. 

For UPSC civil services, the eligibility is just a graduation degree in any discipline and candidates from all disciplines including law can appear in the exam.

Minimum age required is 21 years and the candidate should not be older than 32 years.

For the purposes of efficiency, this exam is conducted in 3 stages, namely:

Preliminary examination 

  • This examination is mainly conducted for screening purpose and as a qualification for the main examination 
  • Each paper carries 200 marks and is objective in character, offering MCQs
  • Papers are recognised as General Studies- I and General Studies- II
  • After the examination, the Commission drafts a list of candidates who qualify for the main examination in accordance with the minimum qualification criterion of 33%.

Main examination

  • A candidate’s rank in UPSC Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in Main and Interview.
  • The main exam has 1750 marks while the interview has 275 marks.
  • This exam is subjective in character and consists of 9 papers in all. 

Interview 

  • Candidate who qualifies the main are invited for an interview

After the Commission draws up a final list of selected candidates the candidates are then allotted services in accordance with their ranking and preferences given.

The basic pay scale of the officials appointed in the Group – A can range anywhere between ₹37,400 to ₹90,000 depending upon the administration. The Salaries of employees can go as high as ₹2,50,000 in this group.

As a lawyer if you are confused between UPSC or Judiciary as a career option then you can look up the article here where we have compared both the streams to help you make an informed decision. 

State Public Service Commission

State PSC is similar to the UPSC but is conducted at the state level. The Public Service Commission also offers various job profiles such as SDM, Labour Commissioner, Naib Tahsildar, Block Development Officer etc. 

Since these jobs also fall under the domain of public policy, lawyers have an added advantage of training in logical analysis and opinion formulation which helps them frame policies which are highly effective and are error-free to a great extent. 

A law graduate can appear in the state public services commission’s exams and can secure a reputed government job.

A candidate from any state can give PSC exam in another state as long as they meet the eligibility criteria of the new state. 

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